As any other potent medication, the intake of Tramadol can lead to the certain adverse effects. Knowing what Tramadol side effects to expect and how to reduce the risk of adverse reactions will help make the course of treatment effective and safe. Most people complete the treatment without experiencing any serious side effects, while the others may experience some unpleasant consequences. Every person has different reaction to the treatment with this drug. Tramadol belongs to the best painkillers for long-term treatment, thanks to its therapeutic effects in treating pain. The effect of taking opioid-like drugs is considered safe and virtually non-addictive.
What are the Tramadol side effects?
Usually, the adverse effects caused by the Tramadol can be minimized by adjusting the dosage. This drug acts by binding to the opioid receptors in the brain. Moreover, Tramadol impedes the uptake of norepinephrine and serotonin. Tramadol efficiently controls pain feeling by increasing the pain threshold and preventing the pain signals from being sent to the brain.
Common side effects of using this powerful drug include:
- dryness in the mouth;
They are generally well-tolerated.
Many doctors fear the potential dependence that Tramadol may cause during long-term treatment. It can be caused by the fact that opioid medications activate the pathways of dependence in the brain, which means that there will be a need for higher dosages to reduce pain. This can lead to uncontrollable desire to consume Tramadol, as well as cause problems after discontinuation of the drug.
But the risk of getting used to Tramadol is minimal. This is proved by numerous clinical studies. But to achieve the best result, follow the instructions for use and be aware of contraindications.
Contraindications to the use of Tramadol
Absolute contraindications. Do not use the drug if there is a strong allergic reaction, dependence on alcohol or drugs.
Relative contraindications. The use of the drug is possible if the potential effect will be higher than the possible risks. Caution should be used Tramadol pregnant or lactating women; people who are taking other painkillers, sleeping pills, tranquilizers or sedatives, antipsychotics.
It is very important to find out more about the rare but serious adverse effects of Tramadol. Try to note any allergic responses, as this means that you may also experience side reactions with similar medications. Hives, face swelling and breathing difficulty are the common symptoms of allergic reactions.
Other severe side effects of Tramadol include:
- heart problems;
- accelerated pulse;
- problems with the central nervous system;
- hypoventilation and stomach disorders.
If you note any of these symptoms, seek immediate medical aid.
The main Tramadol warning is that the long-term treatment can result in developing tolerance and drug addiction. You can prevent it by choosing the right dose of Tramadol. Don’t take the drug longer than prescribed.
How to minimize the risk of adverse effects from taking Tramadol
Even though certain minor side effects are unavoidable using Tramadol, you can definitely take measures to minimize the possible risks.
- Avoid increasing the dosage or taking the drug longer than necessary.
- Swallow the pill whole instead of chewing or crushing (that generally results in the drug getting absorbed faster than necessary).
- Do not take the drug intravenously, as it can increase the risk of toxicity.
- Do not abruptly stop taking Tramadol, as there is a risk of withdrawal effects.
- Keep the medicine at room temperature out of the reach of children.
Consult your doctor before stopping the treatment with Tramadol to avert withdrawal syndrome. The risk of Tramadol side effects is reduced with the short-term intake of small doses. Don’t neglect the prescription guidelines.